What happens during an IVF procedure?

what happens during an IVF procedure

In vitro fertilization stands out as the only solution that is available for some couples to have a baby. Whenever there are medical conditions that will prevent sperm from managing to reach the egg, a doctor can recommend IVF when regular treatment options fail.

There is no way to deny the fact that IVF is a really interesting procedure that can help so many couples that are faced with problems but not many know what this operation actually means. In order to help you, here is what IVF is all about.

Ovulation Induction

The woman’s ovaries are stimulated with the use of fertility drugs to develop mature eggs. This will improve fertilization chances and pregnancy.

More: IVF still an option when the woman’s tubes are tied?

Egg Retrieval

As soon as the eggs mature, they are removed with the use of a special procedure that is as minimally invasive as possible. A needle is basically put through vaginal opening, reaching the ovaries. There is no need for suturing or abdominal incisions.

Eggs are evaluated in a special embryology lab by IVF London professionals and when they are seen as suitable, they are fertilized with sperm from the partner or a donor. After the retrieval procedure, recovery is under 2 hours.

Lab Fertilization

All eggs are analyzed for maturity before incubation. Only fresh sperm samples are used. Sperm is mixed with eggs or directly injected in the egg with the use of ICSI. It takes up to 72 hours to realize if the embryo is growing and if fertilization happened. Embryos and oocytes remain in the lab for a maximum of 5 days.

Embryo Transfer

The embryo transfer procedure is really simple. Anesthesia will not be required. You will talk with the doctor in order to decide how many embryos will be transferred. The embryo transfer procedure is similar to that of egg retrieval. The most important part of the process is the conversation you have with the surgeon because of the fact that this is when you get the information you need to make a decision.

Embryo Cryopreservation

It is normal to have extra embryos that develop during the IVF process. When they are of suitable quality, you can actually freeze them so that you can store them for a future transfer. The IVF process is obviously quite difficult from a financial and physical point of view so cryopreservation can help in reducing costs in the event the initial transfer is not successful.

Patient Orientation Sessions

The patients that go through IVF cycles have to talk with specialists. They usually attend onsite orientation that is conducted by nursing staff before the treatment begins. The partner should also attend the session since extra information is offered then. Orientation presentation can even be reviewed online in the event that you do not have time to attend the sessions. However, it is always a lot better to attend in person.

It is very important that you learn all that you can about IVF and that you work with doctors that actually know everything about what has to be done. Success chances are increased when you work with the best possible clinics.